When a custodial parent (the parent with whom the child lives) relocates with a child, it can cause additional hardship on an already challenging child custody situation. This often makes co-parenting difficult. It also forces a child to have a long-distance relationship with their own parent.
If the custodial parent relocates, a relocation dispute can arise since it may affect custody rights and visitation. This usually happens if there is no agreement between the parties.